Directive 2014/68/EU - Classification
Classification of Pressure Equipment
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Classification (Directive 2014/68/EU)
Bases for fluid groups
Fluid classification, which forms the basis of the classification of pressure equipment into the individual categories, will be effected according to CLP Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 (Regulation on Classification, Labelling and Packaging of substances and mixtures).
Given this, fluids will no longer be assigned to one of the two groups (group 1: fluids classified as hazardous and group 2: all other substances) on the basis of seven characteristics that are permissible / impermissible for a fluid. Now, 17 substance characteristics will be important for classification.
Fluids with one of the following characteristics, for example, will be assigned to group 1:
(i) unstable explosives or explosives of Division 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4 and 1.5;
(ii) flammable gases, category 1 and 2;
(iii) oxidising gases, category 1;
(iv) flammable liquids, category 1 and 2;;
(v) flammable liquids, category 3, where the maximum allowable temperature is above the flashpoint;,
(vi) flammable solids, category 1 and 2;
(vii) self-reactive substances and mixtures, type A to F;
(viii) pyrophoric liquids, category 1;
(ix) pyrophoric solids, category 1;
(x) substances and mixtures which in contact with water emit flammable gases, category 1, 2 and 3;;
(xi) oxidising liquids, category 1, 2. and 3;
(xii) oxidising solids, category 1, 2 and 3;
(xiii) organic perioxides types A to F;
(xiv) acute oral toxicity: categories 1 and 2;
(xv) acute dermal toxicity: categories 1 and 2;
(xvi) acute inhalation toxicity: categories 1, 2 and 3;
(xvii) specific target-organ toxicity – single eposure: category 1.
These requirements apply to pressure equipment placed on the market after 1 June 2015.
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