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BetrSichV 3

power-operated doors

Field of application

Doors are facilities in industrially, commercially or privately used buildings / properties, garages among other things for closing of the openings, which are planned for the passageway of people and transit of vehicles. They are power-operated, if for moving the wings all the necessary energy or a part from it occurs through prime movers (e.g. electric motors).

Technics

Doors exists of one or several door wings, which can be from a piece, from several segments linked with each other, fins or fence parts. In order to move power-operated doors the necessary energy is provided by a prime mover. The transmission of the energy occurs with gearboxes, which power roll shafts, gearwheels or worm wheels and move the door with suspensions, for example ropes, chains, belts, levers, springs, rolls etc. Another possibility are hydraulically powered doors. The control of the doors can occur with manual control or remote control. According to design and intended purpose doors have different security facilities.

Basic components

Materials
For door wings particularly (enough) breakproof materials are to be used. Transparent door wings have to be clearly recognizable.

Guidance for leafs of lock gates
Door wings must be protected reliably in guidances, casters of wings must be protected against hanging out or derail.

Control switches for manually driven doors
With hand-steered doors the operating person must be able to see ther danger area. By disengaging of the control moduls (switch-keys, contactors) the wing movement must stop.

Control switches for remote-controlled doors
With remote-controlled doors the danger area is not observable. Therefore, it must be made sure by adequate facilities (e.g. contact mats), that no person stays in the danger area.

Safety devices

Main switch
Doors with electric impulse must have a main switch. With a main switch the electric impulse can be switched off all poles.

Saving against leafs of lock gates crash
Door wings, which must be raised or lowered for opening, must be provided with devices which prevent the fall of the wing. Such devices are, for example, gripping devices with locking parts, like catches or catch pins. With door wings immediately powered by hydraulic cylinder - without chains and ropes - e.g. burst pipe valves are such protective facilities.

Saving against pinch and shear zones
There are pinch- and shear points on closing edges, between wings and firm parts of the surrounding and on wings which move past together. They have to be protected by facilities, which bring the movement of the door wing to the shutdown with touch. Such facilities can be, e.g. switch strips or contact tubes, regulators, opto-transmitter and -receiver.

Emergency switch
Remote-controlled doors must have a well visible and easily accessible emergency - device. In case of danger the wing movement must be shutdown with this device.
  • Produktsicherheitsgesetz (ProdSG) (German only)
  • Directive 98/37/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council
  • Directive 2006/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council

  • Betriebssicherheitsverordnung (BetrSichV) - Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health
  • BGI 861 Sicherer Umgang mit Toren (German only)
  • BGR 232 Kraftbetätigte Fenster, Türen und Tore (German only)
  • DIN 15020 Lifting appliances - Basic principles for rope reeving components
  • DIN EN 12385 Steel wire ropes
  • DIN EN 12433 Part 1 Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates - Terminology - Types of doors
  • DIN EN 12433 Part 2 Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates - Terminology - Parts of doors
  • DIN EN 12445 Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates - Safety in use of power operated doors - Test methods
  • DIN EN 12453 Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates - Safety in use of power operated doors - Requirements
  • DIN EN 12604 Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates - Mechanical aspects - Requirements
  • DIN EN 12605 Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates - Mechanical aspects - Test methods
  • DIN EN 12635 Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates - Installation and use
  • DIN EN 12978 Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates - Safety devices for power operated doors and gates - Requirements and test methods
  • DIN EN 13241 Part 1 Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates - Product standard - Products without fire resistance or smoke control characteristics
  • List of harmonised regulations (German only)

Regulations

  • Produktsicherheitsgesetz (ProdSG) (German only)
  • Directive 98/37/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council
  • Directive 2006/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council

  • Betriebssicherheitsverordnung (BetrSichV) - Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health
  • BGI 861 Sicherer Umgang mit Toren (German only)
  • BGR 232 Kraftbetätigte Fenster, Türen und Tore (German only)
  • DIN 15020 Lifting appliances - Basic principles for rope reeving components
  • DIN EN 12385 Steel wire ropes
  • DIN EN 12433 Part 1 Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates - Terminology - Types of doors
  • DIN EN 12433 Part 2 Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates - Terminology - Parts of doors
  • DIN EN 12445 Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates - Safety in use of power operated doors - Test methods
  • DIN EN 12453 Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates - Safety in use of power operated doors - Requirements
  • DIN EN 12604 Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates - Mechanical aspects - Requirements
  • DIN EN 12605 Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates - Mechanical aspects - Test methods
  • DIN EN 12635 Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates - Installation and use
  • DIN EN 12978 Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates - Safety devices for power operated doors and gates - Requirements and test methods
  • DIN EN 13241 Part 1 Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates - Product standard - Products without fire resistance or smoke control characteristics
  • List of harmonised regulations (German only)

Types


Rotary wing door
There are single- or double winged rotary wing door variations. The rotary wings are on a side hinged and open only in one direction.

Swing door
Like the rotary wing doors, there are single- or double winged swing door variations. The doors are on a side hinged and can be opened in both directions.

Folding door
Door with hinged door wings, to whose other side an additional door wing is hinged. A door can exist of several (hinged) wings. While opening the door the door wings are folded together in the joint. The hinged wings are on top and / or below in the construction controlled and / or supported.

Sliding door
By sliding doors the door wings are controlled in an upper and / or lower guidance. Beside the single-winged sliding door there are counter-rotating sliding doors, whose door wings open in opposite direction. With telescope - sliding doors the door wing exists of two or more parts, which are moved in one direction. With true running sliding doors (horizontal sectional doors) the door wing exists of agilely segments linked with each other, which are swung successively about 90° for the door opening while opening with a suitable (upper / lower) guidance. Scissor grids also belong to the sliding doors.

Lift door
Door, which exists of one or more vertically controlled wings. The wings can be lifted or lowered. Thereby the wings can be telescoped, move past or on each other.

Sectional door
Sectional doors are doors with door wings, which exists of several horizontally agilely hinged segments.

power operated door


Rolling shutter door
Rolling shutter doors are doors, whose door wings exists of linked with each other guided elements which are rolled up on a drum. A distinction is drawn between rolling shutter doors with fins, rolling grills and fast mode rolling doors.

Overhead door
An overhead door exists of a one-piece controlled wing which makes a tilting movement by activity and remains horizontally in the upper final position.

Folding overhead door
Folding overhead doors are doors with two-part controlled gate wing. The door wings are connected agilely with each other and folded while opening in upward direction.

Barrier limit
Barrier limits are mechanical facilities to steer the way through of vechicles.